League of Fans

Founded by Ralph Nader, League of Fans is a sports reform project working to improve sports by increasing awareness of the sports industry's relationship to society, exposing irresponsible business practices, ensuring accountability to fans, and encouraging the industry to contribute to societal well-being.

Email Alerts

Alerts is League of Fans' email announcements list. Alerts provides news, information, the actions of League of Fans and/or Ralph Nader regarding sports issues, and calls-to-action for subscribers. All email updates are either selected or written by League of Fans.


League of Fans is motivated by people, just like you, who are upset with what has become of our sports and would like to make a difference. We work with concerned citizens, sports fans, civic groups and communities to increase awareness of the sports industry's relationship to society, influence a broad range of issues in sports at all levels and encourage the cooperative capacities that make the "sports powers-that-be" capable of helping, not just dominating, our society and culture.

News / Resources

We often think of sports as outside the realm of everyday citizen concern. But the many benefits to society that sports can provide are sometimes undermined by a different set of values, often based on the quest for higher and higher profits at the expense of fans, taxpayers, communities, culture and social justice.

Your Role

Get Involved! Your involvement will improve sports for communities and fans, and encourage the sports industry to better contribute to societal well-being.

Sports History and Sociology

Sports History and Sociology Associations

The Association for Professional Basketball Research (APBR)
Provides a general history of professional basketball in the United States.

Center for Sports Parenting (CSP)
To provide immediate, practical, and essential guidance and assistance in helping parents, coaches, educators, administrators, officials, referees, umpires and all other individuals involved in youth sports cope with the psychological and physical challenges that accompany kids who play sports.

Hockey Research Association
To promote interest in the history of amateur and professional hockey.

Institute for International Sport (IIS)
Dedicated to improving international, domestic and interpersonal relations through cultural and athletic exchanges.

International Association for the Philosophy of Sport (IAPS)
To foster philosophic interchange among scholars interested in better understanding sport.

International Society of Olympic Historians (ISOH)
To promote and study the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Games.

International Sport and Culture Association (ISCA)
Believes that everybody should have the opportunity to participate in international sports and cultural activities such as festivals, exchanges, seminars, tournaments and education programs.

North American Society for the Sociology of Sport
To promote, stimulate, and encourage the sociological study of play, games and sport.

The North American Society for Sport History (NASSH)
To promote, stimulate, and encourage study and research and writing of the history of sport; to support and cooperate with local, national, and international organizations having the same purposes.

Northeastern University's Center for the Study of Sport in Society
To increase awareness of sport and its relation to society, and to develop programs that identify problems, offer solutions, and promote the benefits of sport.

Professional Football Researchers Association (PFRA)
Dedicated to preserving and, in some cases, reconstructing professional football history.

Society for American Baseball Research (SABR)
To foster the study of baseball; assist in developing and maintaining the history of the game; facilitate the dissemination of baseball research; stimulate interest in baseball.

General Resources on Sports History and Sociology

Article Index of Richard E. Lapchick
Activist, scholar, author, founder and director of Northeastern University's Center for the Study of Sport in Society.

"Athletes and Their Posses" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (May 14, 2000 Transcript)
Examines the often reckless groups with which elite athletes often associate of the field.

"Faith and the National Pastime" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (April 23, 2000 Transcript)
Explains "Baseball Chapel" and the role faith plays in Major League Baseball.

"Football, Race, and the Power of One Word" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (June 4, 2000 Transcript)
Focuses on the significance of high school football, race, and a coach's use of the "N-word" in the small town of Wildwood, Florida.

"High School Football and Prayer" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (September 3, 2000 Transcript)
Explains the controversy over prayer before high school football games and the decision of the United States Supreme Court.

International Scholar-Athlete Hall of Fame & Museum
Comprehensive educational and resource center that selects Hall of Fame inductees based on their distinguished athletic, academic, and humanitarian achievements.

"John Rocker, the Atlanta Braves, and team cohesion" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (June 25, 2000 Transcript)
Addresses team chemistry and questions whether the actions of a single player can destroy the chemistry of a team.

"Loyalty in Sports" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (June 18th, 2000 Transcript)
Discusses loyalty in major league sports.

National Sportsmanship Day
Serves as a forum for administrators, coaches, students, alumni, parents and fans to discuss the issues of ethics, fair play and sportsmanship.

"Officials' holiday" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (December 17, 2000 Transcript)
Examines the life of an NBA referee.

Scholar-Athlete Games
To promote understanding, acceptance and friendship among the youth of the world; establish open, non-political, long-standing relationships among tomorrow's world leaders; utilize sport and the cultural arts as a means of communication and learning rather than competition among nations.

"Sex appeal: Crossing the line?" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (August 20, 2000 Transcript)
Considers today's female athletes and the issue of "sex appeal" in sports.

"Sports Behind Bars" - ESPN's Outside the Lines (December, 1999)
- Locking up sports
- Hard-core hoops
- Tipoff: Dyson's glory
- Game over: Come again