By Ken Reed
College football’s Bowl Championship Series (BCS) is dead. That’s a good thing. The cartel system never crowned a true national champion and was unpopular with players and fans.
Unfortunately, in its place we now have an ill-conceived four-team playoff scheme that will provide an expected $500 million windfall for college football’s power brokers, but won’t address any of the key issues in the game.
The move away from the BCS to the four-team playoff was done for two reasons: 1) to avoid the inevitable anti-trust legal challenges to the cartel-like BCS model, while continuing to limit access and revenue distribution to smaller conferences; and 2) to make more money – with none targeted for the athletes that actually produce it.
The fact is, a commercial sports entertainment enterprise like big-time college football is incompatible with the educational mission of our universities. The ultimate solution is for our colleges and universities to get out of the sports entertainment business. It’s been done before. The University of Chicago once dropped its Big Ten football program to focus on its educational mission.
In their proper perspective, athletics can be compatible with the mission of a college or university. But it needs to be at the Division III level, where there are no athletic scholarships; where the athletes are students first, and the schools aren’t seeking profits at all costs from their sports programs.
Granted, that’s not going to happen on a large scale anytime soon. So, we need to make the best of the current situation.
The new mini-playoff system isn’t intended to address any of the multitude of problems in college athletics in general, or college football in particular. Let’s take a quick look at a few key issues.
According to a joint study by Drexel University and the National College Players Association, college football and basketball players on “full” scholarship in the NCAA’s top division are required to annually come up with an average of $3,222 out of their own pockets to cover the expenses of college attendance. That’s unconscionable given that both sports bring in millions in revenue.
Second, students are increasingly being asked to help foot the bill for big-time college athletics through student fees. Rutgers’ students set the pace during the 2010-11 fiscal year, coughing up nearly $1,000 each to fund sports while academic budgets were being slashed.
Third, despite the recent widespread celebration of the 40th anniversary of Title IX, one of our country’s great civil rights laws, the gender gap in opportunities between male and female athletes has actually expanded in recent years, due primarily to the escalating arms race in football and men’s basketball.
Fourth, even with a growing mound of research pointing to the likelihood that football players risk long-term brain damage due to concussions and sub-concussive brain trauma, the NCAA and college athletic departments continue to do very little to educate football players about safety issues surrounding head trauma.
The lords of college athletics — college athletic directors, conference commissioners, and university presidents – spent this past spring — and a chunk of summer – greedily talking about ways they could protect their cartel while enhancing revenues. If they were ethical educators and administrators, focused on doing what’s best for the athletes and the sport, they would’ve come out of the meetings with action steps like these:
- Scrap the four-team playoff idea in favor of a 16-team playoff (the 11 FBS conference champions, and five at-large teams). This model provides the fairest and most exciting way to determine a national champion. It is also the preference of a large majority of fans and players – two key stakeholder groups whose voices have been ignored by decision-makers. Analysts believe revenue from a 16-team playoff could be $1 billion plus, which would go a long ways toward funding the following programs.
- Establish a funding mechanism to benefit the players that produce the revenue. First, multi-year scholarships (four years, or five if the school decides to redshirt the player) are brought back to replace the current one-year renewable scholarships, which are based solely on athletic performance and have nothing to do with education. Second, the existing out-of-pocket shortfall that Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) players currently face is covered out of playoff proceeds. Finally, a large portion of the college football playoff revenue is set aside to establish trust funds for players who complete their college degrees. This incentivizes athletes to graduate and allows universities to symbolically communicate that they value their athletes’ education.
- Halt the practice of using student fees (along with university academic budgets) to help fund athletic departments. Students shouldn’t be required to support big-time college athletics.
- Use a significant portion of the playoff monies to move FBS universities toward Title IX compliance by rectifying the gender inequities in college sports, most notably in the areas of participation opportunities, scholarship dollars, and operating budgets for female athletes.
- Start a campaign to educate NCAA athletes about the risks associated with head trauma. It’s safe to say the vast majority of today’s college football players don’t know anything about chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), or any other long-term neurological conditions related to brain trauma. It’s the responsibility of athletic departments to change that.
If our universities don’t begin to take actions like these on their own, it will be time to force them to do so. Teddy Roosevelt once demanded major changes to the game of football in order for it to remain on our college campuses. A similar step might soon be needed.
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
Sports Forum Podcast
Episode #26 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: How Can We Fix Youth Sports? – John O’Sullivan is Founder and CEO of Changing the Game Project and author of “Changing the Game: The Parents Guide to Raising Happy, High Performing Athletes and Giving Youth Sports Back to Our Kids.” We discuss overzealous adults in youth sports, the dangers of sport specialization, youth sports entrepreneurs and the profit-at-all-costs mindset, and the growing socio-economic gap in youth sports.
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Episode #25 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Physical Education Should Be a Critical Component of K-12 School Design – Michael Horn is co-founder of the Clayton Christensen Institute for Disruptive Innovation.
Episode #24 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Mental Health and Athletes: Ending the Stigma – Nathan Braaten and Taylor Ricci are the founders of Dam Worth It, a non-profit created to end the stigma around mental health at colleges and universities through sport, storytelling, and community creation.
Episode #23 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Olympian Benita Fitzgerald Mosley Talks Title IX, Youth Sports and the Olympics.
Episode #22 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Rethinking Sports Fandom with Author Craig Calcaterra – We discuss Calcaterra’s new book “Rethinking Fandom: How to Beat the Sports-Industrial Complex at Its Own Game” and explore new ways to be a fan.
Episode #21 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Chatting About a Broken Game With Baseball Writer Pedro Moura – Moura is a national baseball writer for Fox Sports. We discuss how and why the game of baseball is broken, what factors caused it, and offer a few thoughts on how to “fix” a great game.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
- League of Fans Sports Policy Director Ken Reed quoted in Washington Post column titled "What happened to P.E.? It’s losing ground in our push for academic improvement," by Jay Mathews
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
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