By Ken Reed
From the time athletes are five years old and participating in their first sports activities, the emphasis is constantly on the physical: run faster, jump higher, move quicker, throw harder, etc. Very little attention is given to the mental aspects of being an athlete: performing with confidence, dealing with expectations and comparisons, dealing with pressures unique to athletes, etc.
It’s time that changed. Progressive organizations like the Seattle Seahawks are taking a holistic approach to the well-being of their athletes. They offer their players yoga, psychological training and counseling, and a variety of other mind-body tools designed to take the development of athletes beyond the physical.
“Mental illness is probably one of the greatest silent epidemics in our country. It’s a public health issue and now we’re seeing it more and more in our student-athletes,” said Timothy Neal, assistant athletic director for sports medicine at Syracuse University.
“One in every four to five young adults has mental health issues, but what is unique about the student-athlete is they have stressors and expectations of them unlike the other students that could either trigger a psychological concern or exacerbate an existing mental health issue.”
It’s just not high-level college and pro athletes that are dealing with these challenges. More than 80% of young athletes drop organized sports by the time they’re 13. Many times the reason they give is “It’s just not fun anymore.” That’s often code for “I don’t want to deal with all the pressures and stressors.” Often those stressors come from the adults in the lives of young athletes — parents and coaches — who unreasonably place adult standards of behavior and performance on children.
Unfortunately, people dealing with mental health issues are still stigmatized in this country. Now, consider the plight of the athlete who’s constantly being told that they need to be tougher — physically and mentally. As a result, athletes tend to bottle up emotions more than the average person.
“I liken the awareness and management of mental health issues in student-athletes to where we were with concussion awareness and management about 10 to 15 years ago,” Neal said. “The landscape, in my opinion, is a little behind.”
Everyone involved with athletes, at whatever level, should do what he or she can to help us as a society catch up on this issue. Coaches, trainers, administrators, etc., need to move along the change continuum from awareness of the issue, to understanding, to acceptance, to attitude change, to behavior change. Every sports program, from our little leagues to the big leagues, should have a comprehensive mental health game plan in place.
“I’m hoping that this [attention to mental health issues] continues to evolve to the point where in-house psychologists for athletics or coordinators of psychological services for athletics becomes as common as athletic trainers and strength coaches,” said Chris Carr, a member of the NCAA Mental Health Task Force.
I’ll second that.
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
Sports Forum Podcast
Episode #25 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Physical Education Should Be a Critical Component of K-12 School Design – Michael Horn is co-founder of the Clayton Christensen Institute for Disruptive Innovation. He is an expert on K-12 education and believes in the power of physical education to improve academic performance and enhance physical, emotional and behavioral health.
Follow on Facebook: @SportsForumPodcast
Episode #24 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Mental Health and Athletes: Ending the Stigma – Nathan Braaten and Taylor Ricci are the founders of Dam Worth It, a non-profit created to end the stigma around mental health at colleges and universities through sport, storytelling, and community creation.
Episode #23 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Olympian Benita Fitzgerald Mosley Talks Title IX, Youth Sports and the Olympics.
Episode #22 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Rethinking Sports Fandom with Author Craig Calcaterra – We discuss Calcaterra’s new book “Rethinking Fandom: How to Beat the Sports-Industrial Complex at Its Own Game” and explore new ways to be a fan.
Episode #21 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Chatting About a Broken Game With Baseball Writer Pedro Moura – Moura is a national baseball writer for Fox Sports. We discuss how and why the game of baseball is broken, what factors caused it, and offer a few thoughts on how to “fix” a great game.
Episode #20 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Coaching Youth and High School Sports Based On What’s Best for the Athlete’s Holistic Development – We chat with long-time youth, high school and college basketball coach Jim Huber.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
- League of Fans Sports Policy Director Ken Reed quoted in Washington Post column titled "What happened to P.E.? It’s losing ground in our push for academic improvement," by Jay Mathews
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
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