By Ken Reed
It’s commonly accepted in this country that baseball is for boys and softball is for girls. But most of us never stop to question why that is or why it needs to stay that way.
Emma Span, a senior editor at Sports Illustrated, has written a provocative essay for The New York Times that asks those very questions.
“The conventional wisdom is that baseball is for boys and men, and softball is for girls and women,” writes Span. “But women have been playing baseball since long before they had the right to vote.”
Indeed they have. History shows that women were playing baseball as far back as the 1830’s. Females have played baseball on barnstorming teams, various amateur teams and at colleges. And, of course, during World War II, women’s baseball became commonplace, as depicted in the movie A League of Their Own.
“The flimsiness of arguments against women’s participation was on display in the desperate legal efforts of Little League to bar girls after a string of lawsuits in 1973,” writes Span.
“Officials claimed that baseball was ‘a contact sport’; that boys would quit if girls were allowed; that girls’ bones were weaker than boys’; that facial injuries could ruin a girl’s looks and therefore prospects in life; and, most outlandishly, that girls struck in the chest by a ball might later develop breast cancer. One Little League vice president expressed his concern that coaches would not be able to ‘pat girls on the rear end the way they naturally do to boys.'”
Fortunately, thanks to lawsuits brought by girls and their moms and dads, girls now have the legal right to play Little League ball, and under Title IX, to play baseball on a school-organized boys team if a girls baseball team is unavailable (softball doesn’t count as a valid legal alternative). In reality, however, schools and school districts often tell girls that they have to play with a softball instead of a hardball if they want to play a diamond sport. Moreover, despite their legal victories girls still face a ton of social pressure to play softball and leave baseball to the boys.
“A woman may take part in the grandstand with applause for the brilliant play, with waving kerchief to the hero,” wrote A.G. Spalding, the co-founder of Spalding Sporting Goods, in his book “America’s National Game,” published in 1911.
If the only reason baseball is too often reserved for males only is because of a sexist proclamation by Spalding and/or the sexist arguments of Little League Baseball, then this unjust tradition needs to end.
There’s nothing wrong with competitive fastpitch softball. It’s a great game. But if girls and women want to play baseball, we, as a society, should do all we can to make it easier for them.
As Span concludes, “There is no rational basis to claim that girls can’t throw overhand, run 90 feet between bases or handle a hardball. And there is no reason but sexism to prevent them from doing so.”
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
Sports Forum Podcast
Episode #10 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: An Issues Discussion With Paul Dolan – Dolan is the Cleveland Indians Owner and CEO. He discusses the use of Native American names and logos by sports teams and the decisions to drop the Chief Wahoo logo and the upcoming change to the team name. Other baseball topics include health and safety, possible MLB rule changes and youth participation in the sport.
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Episode #9 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Talking Sports Issues With Ralph Nader – Nader is a consumer advocate and was named one of the “100 Most Influential Americans of the 20th Century” by Time magazine. He is the founder of League of Fans.
Episode #8 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: How Can We Save College Sports From Overcommercialization and Professionalization? – The guest is Dr. David Ridpath, a sports business professor and past president of the Drake Group
Episode #7 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Brain Trauma and CTE Risk in Sports With Dr. Ann McKee – Dr. McKee works in the field of neuropathology and has demonstrated that “mild” repetitive head trauma can provoke chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a devastating neurodegenerative disease.
Episode #6 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: The Need for Quality Physical Education in Our Schools is Greater Than Ever – The guest is Clayton Ellis, one of our nation’s leading advocates for getting our young people to be more physically active.
Episode #5 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Youth Sports with Positive Coaching Alliance Founder Jim Thompson – Thompson started Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) in 1998 to help create a movement to transform the culture of youth sports from “win-at-all-costs” to a positive, character-building experience.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
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