by Ken Reed
As we’ve outlined in this blog, in an op-ed column, and in a position paper, there are numerous reasons why allowing public schools to use taxpayer dollars to sponsor an activity like football, which clearly causes brain damage, is illogical and irresponsible.
We can add another one: People who’ve suffered traumatic brain injuries are much more likely to exhibit anti-social and inappropriate behavior.
In a recent study by neurological researchers at the University of Denver, 96 percent of the inmates in a downtown Denver jail’s high-risk unit had a traumatic brain injury. The overall findings weren’t that surprising given the growing mound of research that’s found traumatic brain injury predates criminal activity. However, the high percentage was a surprise to researchers as national statistics show that 67 to 80 percent of inmates in jails and prisons have a traumatic brain injury. This compares to the general population, in which it’s estimated that 6 to 8.5 percent have a traumatic brain injury. The Denver jail findings were higher in part because it was a high-risk population that was studied (inmates who are considered a risk to themselves or others).
According to the Franklin Institute, “Researchers are finding more and more links between violent behavior and brain damage to certain regions of the brain.” Of particular concern are injuries to the prefrontal cortex region of the brain which is responsible for social and moral reasoning. Prefrontal cortex injuries in children are especially scary.
“Children who experience early damage in the prefrontal cortex never completely develop social or moral reasoning,” according to the Franklin Institute paper Protect – Watch Your Head. “As adults, even on an intellectual level, they cannot refer to such behavior because they have little concept of it.”
The Franklin paper goes on to stress the importance of protecting developing brains, most notably the prefrontal cortex, in children and adolescents:
“Because growth in the brain’s frontal regions continues throughout young adulthood, early injury there can damage formation of the protective myelin insulation around neurons . This can impair their ability to control emotions and inhibit inappropriate behavior. These kids have trouble responding to subtle social cues and planning difficult tasks.”
While other high school sports have relatively high concussion rates (e.g., ice hockey, lacrosse, soccer), football’s rate is considerably higher. Most importantly, for this discussion about whether football should remain in public schools, the games of ice hockey, lacrosse and soccer can be modified for certain ages without dramatically changing the essence of the sport. For example, in ice hockey, no fighting, no head contact of any kind, limited or no checking; in soccer, limited or no heading; and in lacrosse, no contact to the head with arms or a lacrosse stick. With football, it’s virtually impossible to take head contact out of the game, without resorting to flag football.
Moreover, it’s extremely unlikely that technology developments will lead to a football helmet that can prevent brain damage. Helmets are great at preventing skull fractures but concussions and sub-concussive brain injuries occur when the brain pounds against the side of the skull after contact, much in the way Jello sloshes against the side of a bowl after a quick movement. Helmets can’t prevent that effect. In addition, brain injuries in football also occur from the quick rotational impact following a hit. Once again, helmets can’t prevent that.
At any rate, the increasing amount of research in the area of brain injuries and violent, anti-social and inappropriate behavior provides more food for thought in the “Should football be in public schools?” debate.
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
Sports Forum Podcast
Episode #10 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: An Issues Discussion With Paul Dolan – Dolan is the Cleveland Indians Owner and CEO. He discusses the use of Native American names and logos by sports teams and the decisions to drop the Chief Wahoo logo and the upcoming change to the team name. Other baseball topics include health and safety, possible MLB rule changes and youth participation in the sport.
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Episode #9 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Talking Sports Issues With Ralph Nader – Nader is a consumer advocate and was named one of the “100 Most Influential Americans of the 20th Century” by Time magazine. He is the founder of League of Fans.
Episode #8 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: How Can We Save College Sports From Overcommercialization and Professionalization? – The guest is Dr. David Ridpath, a sports business professor and past president of the Drake Group
Episode #7 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Brain Trauma and CTE Risk in Sports With Dr. Ann McKee – Dr. McKee works in the field of neuropathology and has demonstrated that “mild” repetitive head trauma can provoke chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a devastating neurodegenerative disease.
Episode #6 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: The Need for Quality Physical Education in Our Schools is Greater Than Ever – The guest is Clayton Ellis, one of our nation’s leading advocates for getting our young people to be more physically active.
Episode #5 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Youth Sports with Positive Coaching Alliance Founder Jim Thompson – Thompson started Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) in 1998 to help create a movement to transform the culture of youth sports from “win-at-all-costs” to a positive, character-building experience.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
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