By Ken Reed
The Super Bowl game this weekend between the New England Patriots and Philadelphia Eagles, will be played by adults. Adults who, at this point in time, are surely aware of the dangers the game represents to their brains and long-term health.
While it’s important to keep educating college and professional football players with the latest findings from research studies on the effects of repetitive blows to the brain, as a nation, our focus needs to be on the millions of children and teenagers in this country that are playing the game before the age of legal consent, and who very likely aren’t fully aware of the dangers of playing football.
Doctors and scientists agree that playing football before the age of 14 is especially dangerous because brains are still developing. (Note: Many doctors and researchers believe the brain continues to develop into one’s early 20’s) A recent Boston University study of 214 former football players found that playing tackle football before the age of 12 resulted in an increased risk of depression and behavioral problems. (This is a particular problem in schools as playing football at a young age also increased problems with executive function in the brain, which impacts people’s ability to pay attention and multitask, among other things.)
It’s important to note that brain damage — even without suffering a concussion — can have both short-and-long-term consequences.
“If you injure a brain at that early age, it can have later life potential consequences,” according to Dr. Robert Cantu, co-founder of the CTE Center at Boston University and one of the country’s leading researchers on brain trauma.
Chris Borland had a stand-out rookie season with the San Francisco 49ers. He then did some extensive research on brain trauma and concussions and decided to retire, not wanting to endanger his future health. He now works educating parents and children about the risks of brain trauma in football.
“Our primary objective is to get children through childhoods without any cognitive deficits. … Compromising the organ that would constitute that development is silly,” says Borland.
Legislators in Louisiana and New York have introduced legislation that would ban football for pre-teens.
“I firmly believe that when we see evidence of the danger to children, we need to act on that,” said Michael Benedetto, a New York state assemblyman. “There are laws that you need to use a car seat, wear a bicycle helmet. It’s the same principle.”
The pile of research studies on the dangers of tackle football for the human brain is getting higher and higher as we prepare for another Super Bowl.
As Benedetto suggests, apart from watching the Big Game this Sunday, collectively, we need to learn as much as we can about the dangers of tackle football for youth and high school players and then act on that knowledge.
It’s a topic that we can’t continue to avoid simply because we love the game.
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
Sports Forum Podcast
Episode #10 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: An Issues Discussion With Paul Dolan – Dolan is the Cleveland Indians Owner and CEO. He discusses the use of Native American names and logos by sports teams and the decisions to drop the Chief Wahoo logo and the upcoming change to the team name. Other baseball topics include health and safety, possible MLB rule changes and youth participation in the sport.
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Episode #9 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Talking Sports Issues With Ralph Nader – Nader is a consumer advocate and was named one of the “100 Most Influential Americans of the 20th Century” by Time magazine. He is the founder of League of Fans.
Episode #8 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: How Can We Save College Sports From Overcommercialization and Professionalization? – The guest is Dr. David Ridpath, a sports business professor and past president of the Drake Group
Episode #7 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Brain Trauma and CTE Risk in Sports With Dr. Ann McKee – Dr. McKee works in the field of neuropathology and has demonstrated that “mild” repetitive head trauma can provoke chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a devastating neurodegenerative disease.
Episode #6 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: The Need for Quality Physical Education in Our Schools is Greater Than Ever – The guest is Clayton Ellis, one of our nation’s leading advocates for getting our young people to be more physically active.
Episode #5 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Youth Sports with Positive Coaching Alliance Founder Jim Thompson – Thompson started Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) in 1998 to help create a movement to transform the culture of youth sports from “win-at-all-costs” to a positive, character-building experience.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
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