By Ken Reed
If you have any interest at all about the issue of whether college athletes should be paid or not, Jon Solomon’s long piece for the Aspen Institute is a must read.
The foundation of the whole debate is the concept of amateurism, it’s history with the NCAA, and the NCAA’s constantly evolving definition of what it is.
As Solomon writes, “Amateurism is whatever the NCAA says amateurism is at any particular moment.”
US District Judge Claudia Wilken expressed the same sentiment in her 2014 ruling in the Ed O’Bannon v. NCAA antitrust lawsuit case against the NCAA over the commercialized use of players’ names, images and likenesses (NIL):
“The association’s current rules demonstrate that, even today, the NCAA does not necessarily adhere to a single definition of amateurism.”
The NCAA’s definition of what an amateur athlete is varies by sport.
In his piece, Solomon points out that the United States is “the only country in the world to attach a highly-commercialized, multibillion-dollar industry to higher education.” The rest of the world separates elite athletics from education.
It makes no sense that such a huge commercialized entity is part of higher education. It makes even less sense that under American tax laws, this multibillion-dollar sports entity is considered a non-profit endeavor under the universities’ non-profit educational institution umbrella. On top of that, the athletes creating this multibillion dollar enterprise are considered students who just happen to want to play a little football on the side for good ol’ State U. That may be true at most Division III colleges but it certainly isn’t the case at big-time sports departments in the Power Five conferences (Big Ten, Pac-12, ACC, SEC and Big 12).
Solomon does a great job explaining how we got to this point with college athletics. He also shows how the arc of history is bending toward compensating athletes beyond access to a college education.
Public views are moving toward the players in this debate. According to a 2017 Washington Post and UMASS-Lowell poll, 66 percent of Americans now favor allowing athletes to make money from the use of their NIL.
The first step in treating college athletes more fairly seems to clearly be adopting the current Olympic model, which allows athletes to be compensated for use of their NIL.
Solomon discusses how the Olympics evolved from their once strict amateurism rules:
The Olympics once passionately believed in the evolving definition of amateurism. Paid professional athletes were not allowed. During the 1980s, the move toward professionalism gradually gained full steam sport by sport over several years. The change was aided in part by the suspicion that athletes from some Eastern Bloc nations were already professionals anyway through full-time support and training by their governments.
The public hasn’t stopped watching the Olympics with professionals. Making money through endorsements while being good at a sport doesn’t seem to hurt interest in the Olympics, which once had the most stringent definition of amateurism.
Just like the Olympics, college football and basketball fans will continue to watch their teams in large numbers if athletes are allowed to make money off their NIL.
The tough part about being a progressive is that progress is such a painfully slow process to endure.
Can’t we speed this train up a little?
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
Sports Forum Podcast
Episode #10 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: An Issues Discussion With Paul Dolan – Dolan is the Cleveland Indians Owner and CEO. He discusses the use of Native American names and logos by sports teams and the decisions to drop the Chief Wahoo logo and the upcoming change to the team name. Other baseball topics include health and safety, possible MLB rule changes and youth participation in the sport.
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Episode #9 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Talking Sports Issues With Ralph Nader – Nader is a consumer advocate and was named one of the “100 Most Influential Americans of the 20th Century” by Time magazine. He is the founder of League of Fans.
Episode #8 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: How Can We Save College Sports From Overcommercialization and Professionalization? – The guest is Dr. David Ridpath, a sports business professor and past president of the Drake Group
Episode #7 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Brain Trauma and CTE Risk in Sports With Dr. Ann McKee – Dr. McKee works in the field of neuropathology and has demonstrated that “mild” repetitive head trauma can provoke chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a devastating neurodegenerative disease.
Episode #6 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: The Need for Quality Physical Education in Our Schools is Greater Than Ever – The guest is Clayton Ellis, one of our nation’s leading advocates for getting our young people to be more physically active.
Episode #5 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Youth Sports with Positive Coaching Alliance Founder Jim Thompson – Thompson started Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) in 1998 to help create a movement to transform the culture of youth sports from “win-at-all-costs” to a positive, character-building experience.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
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