By Gerry Chidiac
Former South African president Nelson Mandela said, “Sport has the power to change the world.”
This may seem a preposterous statement when we look at the greed, corruption and division that often makes the headlines in the world of sport. We read of doping scandals, owners not taking responsibility for the safety of their players and athletes being blackballed for taking a stand on significant social issues.
Scholars and activists refer to sport as mere distraction, something to draw people away from the significant issues of the day.
Are these things inherent to sport or are they a manifestation of people simply forgetting the true essence of athleticism?
As William Shakespeare said, “Lilies that fester smell far worse than weeds.”
What then is the essence that Mandela was speaking of?
We need to look at how Mandela used sport to change his country.
In 1994, Mandela became the first black president of a country that was deeply divided along racial lines. For generations, white South Africans lived in wealth while black South Africans lived in poverty, without a say in the governing of their country. The wielding of unjust power left deep wounds of division and resentment in the hearts and minds of the majority of the population.
Rugby was the sport of the white South Africans and they loved their national team, the Springboks. The rest of the country loved cheering for their failure.
When Mandela took power, he knew that he had to send a clear message to his white minority and to the rest of the population that the new South Africa was one nation, one people. The upcoming 1995 Rugby World Cup, hosted by South Africa, was the perfect opportunity.
As president, Mandela reached out to white South Africans with a hand of friendship and support, despite the fact that he had been imprisoned for 27 years by their state. He called on non-white South Africans to do the same. And he called on the predominantly white rugby team to reach out to the black population.
In the end, he gave all South Africans an event that they could celebrate together. The underdog Springboks defeated the mighty All Blacks of New Zealand to win the 1995 World Cup, in what many believe is the most significant rugby match in history.
Sports are about much more than winning. It’s in this striving to win, however, that we learn to draw on our greatest potential and to work together with people we may not normally associate with.
I recall talking about the history of integration in sports with my class when one of my student-athletes asked, “Doesn’t it just make sense? Wouldn’t they want to just put the best players available on the team?”
Indeed, when does segregation ever really make sense?
Sports have a very special way of bringing people together and we see many organizations using it as a means of education and community building. One such organization is Peace Players, which focuses primarily on basketball to bring young people together in polarized American cities, the Middle East and many other parts of the world.
In the summer of 2015, Villanova University men’s basketball coach Jay Wright joined a Peace Players mission to Israel. In many ways, the divisions between Israelis and Palestinians are not unlike those in South Africa during Mandela’s lifetime. Yet Wright observed these barriers break down between the young players on the court. The success of the team even began to bring the parents together.
Sport has the power to inspire and unite, to draw out the best in individuals and the best in humanity. These are lofty ideals, but they’re also very human ideals.
And they’re ideals that are well within the grasp of every one of us.
Gerry Chidiac is an educator and Troy Media columnist. His website is gerrychidiac.com.
Sports Forum Podcast
Episode #30 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: The State of College Athletics with Dr. David Ridpath: Problems and Potential Solutions – Ridpath is a sports administration professor at Ohio University and a long-time member of The Drake Group, a college sports reform think tank.
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Episode #29 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: The Honorable Tom McMillen Visits League of Fans’ Sports Forum – McMillen is a former All-American basketball player, Olympian, Rhodes Scholar and U.S. Congressman. We discuss the state of college athletics today.
Episode #28 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: A Chat With Mano Watsa, a Leading Basketball and Life Educator – Watsa is President of PGC Basketball, the largest education basketball camp in the world. We discuss problems in youth sports today.
Episode #27 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Kids’ Sports: How We Can Take Back the Game and Restore Quality Family Time In the Process – Linda Flanagan is author of “Take Back the Game: How Money and Mania Are Ruining Kids’ Sports and Why It Matters.” We discuss how commercialized and professionalized youth sports are hurting kids and their families.
Episode #26 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: How Can We Fix Youth Sports? – John O’Sullivan is Founder and CEO of Changing the Game Project and author of “Changing the Game: The Parents Guide to Raising Happy, High Performing Athletes and Giving Youth Sports Back to Our Kids.”
Episode #25 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Physical Education Should Be a Critical Component of K-12 School Design – Michael Horn is co-founder of the Clayton Christensen Institute for Disruptive Innovation.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
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Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
- Reed Appears on Ralph Nader Radio Hour League of Fans’ sports policy director, Ken Reed, Ralph Nader and the New York Times’ Tyler Kepner discussed a variety of sports issues on Nader’s radio show as well as Reed’s updated book, How We Can Save Sports: A Game Plan. Reed's book was released in paperback in February, and has a new introduction and several updated sections.
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
Vanderbilt Sport & Society - On The Ball with Andrew Maraniss with guest Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director for League of Fans and author of How We Can Save Sports: A Game Plan
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
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