By Ken Reed
And nobody knows that better than the U.S. women’s national soccer team. The current team members, and their predecessors, have been fighting gender discrimination on the part of the U.S. Soccer Federation (USSF) and FIFA for decades.
Let’s start with this: The U.S. women’s national team has been the best women’s soccer team in the world over the last couple decades. They have won multiple World Cup and Olympic titles. The U.S. men’s national team, on the other hand, is lucky to even qualify for the World Cup every four years. The men’s team’s chances of actually winning the World Cup are two: slim and none.
The women’s team is also more popular in the U.S. As but one example, when the women’s team beat China in the World Cup final in 1999, the game was the most watched soccer game in American history, men’s or women’s.
Nevertheless, the women’s team continues to receive unequal treatment, most notably in pay. As an example, if the men and women competed in 20 matches and each squad won all 20 games, the female players would earn a maximum of $99,000, while male players would earn an average of $263,320.
Lindsay Parks Pieper and Tate Royer wrote an excellent op-ed this past week about the discriminatory practices the U.S. women’s soccer team has had to deal with since the first women’s World Cup in 1991. They nailed the challenge facing female athletes in general and the women’s national soccer team in particular:
“The deeply rooted assumptions about women’s inferiority in physical pursuits require female athletes to both win on the field and advocate off it to make strides toward gender equality.”
And advocate off the field women’s soccer players have done. The members of the U.S. women’s national team have changed through the years. Mia Hamm and her teammates are long retired. Yet, the fight for justice and equal treatment has been a constant across the years. The U.S. Soccer Federation didn’t even recognize women’s soccer until the 1980’s, 70 years after the USSF was formed. And even then, the recognition only came after the threat of a lawsuit on behalf of girls and women.
The fight for equal treatment continues in 2019. Three months ago, 28 members of the U.S. women’s national soccer team filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against the U.S. Soccer Federation. The suit states that the USSF discriminates against women by paying them significantly less than men’s team members despite the women having far more success on the field.
The women’s team is favored to win this year’s World Cup. But the bigger victory they are after is equal treatment and economic justice.
Last year, the U.S. women’s national hockey team scored a victory on the long path toward equal treatment for female athletes when their threat to boycott the hockey world championships was successful.
“We are asking for a living wage and for USA Hockey to fully support its programs for women and girls and stop treating us like an afterthought,” team captain, Meghan Duggan, said in a statement at the time. “We have represented our country with dignity and deserve to be treated with fairness and respect.”
After a year of negotiations with USA Hockey, the U.S. women’s hockey team got most of their requests, including equal travel arrangements, disability insurance, promotion of women’s hockey, etc.
The U.S. women’s soccer team is hoping for a similar breakthrough. Veteran U.S. soccer team members like Carli Lloyd, Alex Morgan and Megan Rapinoe have been fighting for equal treatment for years. Lloyd joined four teammates, including Morgan and Rapinoe, in filing a wage discrimination complaint against U.S. Soccer back in 2016.
“It had nothing to do with how much I love to play for my country,” wrote Lloyd in a New York Times essay.
“It had everything to do with what’s right and what’s fair, and with upholding a fundamental American concept: equal pay for equal play. Even if you are female. Simply put, we’re sick of being treated like second-class citizens. It wears on you after a while. And we are done with it.”
Unfortunately, the fight against sexism continues on in 2019. The women’s soccer team’s gender discrimination lawsuit provides the backdrop for this year’s World Cup in France.
Win or lose this particular battle, the women’s team will ultimately be on the right side of history. But those Americans who believe in equal opportunity, social justice and equitable treatment for both genders will be pulling for the American women to win on the field and off in 2019.
Don’t count them out on either count. These women are fighters.
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
Sports Forum Podcast
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Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
- Reed Appears on Ralph Nader Radio Hour League of Fans’ sports policy director, Ken Reed, Ralph Nader and the New York Times’ Tyler Kepner discussed a variety of sports issues on Nader’s radio show as well as Reed’s updated book, How We Can Save Sports: A Game Plan. Reed's book was released in paperback in February, and has a new introduction and several updated sections.
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
Vanderbilt Sport & Society - On The Ball with Andrew Maraniss with guest Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director for League of Fans and author of How We Can Save Sports: A Game Plan
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
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