By Ken Reed
The 2014 World Cup has been filled with excitement and drama.
Unfortunately, as with American football — albeit not to the same degree — a pall hangs over the games due to what we’ve learned in recent years about brain trauma and concussions in contact sports.
Concussions are fairly common in soccer but a growing concern is the repetitive sub-concussive blows to the brain resulting from the practice of heading.
Juliet Macur has written an excellent article in The New York Times about the risks of heading. Macur writes about Patrick Grange, the first soccer player to be officially diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the degenerative brain disease linked to too many shots to the head. It’s the same diagnosis given to numerous NFL football players, including a few who committed suicide due to the torment their diseased brains were causing them.
Macur also mentions a soccer study published in the journal Radiology last year. The study examined 39 amateur adult soccer players who had played soccer since childhood. The study concluded that heading had caused noticeable changes in the brain and resulted in “poorer neurocognitive performance.”
Concussions are an even bigger concern in the girls game. Girls soccer is second to football as the sport with the most concussions at the high school level.
Now, Brandi Chastain, Joy Fawcett, and Cindy Parlow Cone, teammates on the 1999 USA women’s World Cup champions, have teamed up with the Sports Legacy Institute and the Santa Clara Institute of Sports Law and Ethics for a campaign called Parents and Pros for Safer Soccer. They’ve called for guidelines calling for the elimination of heading the ball by players younger than 14. Heading is a leading cause of brain injuries in soccer, and as the Radiology report suggests, could be a cause of long-term neurocognitive problems.
It’s a serious issue that all soccer parents and coaches need to address.
“Soccer might not be football, but we do know now that brain injuries in soccer is a huge issue, and is a very serious issue,” said Parlow Cone. “I didn’t know that growing up. No one really did. The knowledge just wasn’t out there back then. But now there’s no excuse. We need to do better for our kids.”
— Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans
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Episode #10 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: An Issues Discussion With Paul Dolan – Dolan is the Cleveland Indians Owner and CEO. He discusses the use of Native American names and logos by sports teams and the decisions to drop the Chief Wahoo logo and the upcoming change to the team name. Other baseball topics include health and safety, possible MLB rule changes and youth participation in the sport.
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Episode #9 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Talking Sports Issues With Ralph Nader – Nader is a consumer advocate and was named one of the “100 Most Influential Americans of the 20th Century” by Time magazine. He is the founder of League of Fans.
Episode #8 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: How Can We Save College Sports From Overcommercialization and Professionalization? – The guest is Dr. David Ridpath, a sports business professor and past president of the Drake Group
Episode #7 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Brain Trauma and CTE Risk in Sports With Dr. Ann McKee – Dr. McKee works in the field of neuropathology and has demonstrated that “mild” repetitive head trauma can provoke chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a devastating neurodegenerative disease.
Episode #6 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: The Need for Quality Physical Education in Our Schools is Greater Than Ever – The guest is Clayton Ellis, one of our nation’s leading advocates for getting our young people to be more physically active.
Episode #5 – League of Fans’ Sports Forum podcast: Youth Sports with Positive Coaching Alliance Founder Jim Thompson – Thompson started Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) in 1998 to help create a movement to transform the culture of youth sports from “win-at-all-costs” to a positive, character-building experience.
Media"How We Can Save Sports" author Ken Reed appears on Fox & Friends to explain how there's "too much adult in youth sports."
Ken Reed appears on Mornings with Gail from KFKA Radio in Colorado to discuss bad parenting in youth athletics.
“Should College Athletes Be Paid?” Ken Reed on The Morning Show from Wisconsin Public Radio
Ken Reed appears on KGNU Community Radio in Colorado (at 02:30) to discuss equality in sports and Title IX.
Ken Reed appears on the Ralph Nader Radio Hour (at 38:35) to discuss his book The Sports Reformers: Working to Make the World of Sports a Better Place, and to talk about some current sports issues.
Sports & Torts – Ken Reed, Sports Policy Director, League of Fans – at the American Museum of Tort Law
League of Fans is a sports reform project founded by Ralph Nader to fight for the higher principles of justice, fair play, equal opportunity and civil rights in sports; and to encourage safety and civic responsibility in sports industry and culture.
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